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Coffee in Indonesia

Indonesia is the fourth largest exporter of coffee in the world behind Brazil, Colombia and Vietnam. However, per capita consumption is less than 1 kg per person.

Coffee culture in Indonesia

Coffee was introduced in Indonesia by the Dutch during colonization. Today Indonesia is one of the largest producers of coffee in the world.

Indonesia grows mainly robusta, but the country wants to improve the quality of its products, including that of Arabica.

Annual production of coffee alone Sumatra lies between 15000 and 18000 tonnes. Cafes in this area have woody and spicy notes, with a very present acidity.

Coffee is operated by many small producers using traditional techniques, which allows you to have unusual and unique flavors, which makes the Indonesia the only country in the world to offer many cafes distinct terroir.

Sumatra Coffee

Coffee Sumatra Mandheling Grade (1-6) is a rare arabica harvested north of the island of Sumatra. It is grown between 1100 and 1300 meters altitude.

The name Mandhelingmeans all arabica coffees produced in North Sumatra. This name comes from the population Mandailing which produces this coffee in the northwestern part of the island.

Several techniques of brewing, which give different levels of quality. This classification establishes a maximum number of faults tolerated in a portion of 300 grams. Grade 1 is the best and the worst grade 6.

Civet coffee kopi-Luwa

Kopi Luwak coffee is the most expensive coffee in the world. A cup of Kopi Luwak costs 20 euros in cafes and restaurants. A bag of 350 grams can reach the price of 200 euros.

Its name comes from Kopi, which means coffee in Indonesian and Luwak, the name of a small civet.

Because what makes the specificity and rarity of this coffee, c is that the grains are harvested in the feces of the animal.

Ripe coffee berries, eaten by civet, pass through the digestive tract and are processed during digestion, which gives them coffee its unique taste. The crop is extremely limited, as civet is rare in the wild.

Indonesian coffee consumption

Indonesia is the second largest consumer of coffee in Asia after Japan, and eighth in the world. With a total consumption of 3.6 million bags in 2012.

Consumption increased, with an average growth of 6.6% since 2000, and 5% per year from 1990.

However, with a population of nearly 25 0,000,000 people, per capita consumption is less than 1 kg per person demonstrated a strong potential for growth.

Majority of coffee consumption in Indonesia is produced at the national level, 80% Robusta. However, Indonesia is also important 1 million bags of coffee, mostly from Vietnam.

Domestic consumption as a percentage of the total coffee production has increased by an average of 22% in the 1990's to about 33% Over the past five years.

If the Indonesian coffee consumption continues to grow at the current rate, it could reach nearly 6 million bags in 2020 and exceed current consumption of France.

Indonesian coffees brands

From Boncafé to Kopi Luwak Coffee. 4 links