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AFRICAN MILKS

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Milk in Africa



Milk production in Africa is estimated at 43 million tonnes, or 5% of the world production. Which is insufficient to meet the needs of 1.05 billion people who each consume about 50 liters of milk per year. The African continent imports almost 10 million tonnes of milk equivalent which cover 20% of consumption.


The milk market in Africa

In Africa, in addition to cow's milk, is also produced buffalo milk, goat, sheep and also donkey mare and camel. If the production of cow's milk in Africa represents less than 5% of the world production.

Milk is a crucial issue for many African families living in rural areas. Important source of protein, especially for children, it also provides a regular income to the family.

Since the 90's, the dairy sector is a priority program of livestock development in West Africa. However, large industrial projects of the 60's and 70's had experienced many failures.

But dairy farming is not sufficiently supported by African governments and suffers from competition from exports of milk powder from Europe. Between 1994 and 2004, dairy imports in West Africa have tripled.

Recent emergence of many artisanal or semi-industrial milk collection systems bush is hope for local livestock. Despite powder imports (more than half of the demand of milk in Senegal), the participation of African dairy merchants trade is largely based on a network of small business collection and processing that drive the industry.

Local dairy industries and from imports therefore face today in a more unequal competition they are complementary. This competition has a significant cost.

Milk production in Africa

In the area of milk production in Africa , there are large differences between farms in developed countries and those in developing countries.

In Burkina Faso, the herds have 5 to 20 heads with an estimated 110 liters of productivity milk per cow per year. While in Europe the average flock heads 28 and can go up to 100 animals or more, with an average productivity of 6,000 liters per cow per year.

This difference is partly due to the difficult conditions of milk production Africa. However, there are now technical solutions, when combined, can improve herd productivity.

Difficulties in production are not only far from it, to prevent the development of industries dairy in many African countries.

Indeed, the main challenges are focused on meeting production and consumers. The areas of collection and processing are currently very poorly organized and efficient.

Today local milk fails to city centers or quantity or quality sufficient, or so at a high price, especially compared to the reconstituted milk. Insufficient development of the sector led to operate in the dairy potential of many African countries.

Consumers prefer to buy as industrial reconstituted from powder imported their rightful generally less expensive than the local milk and milk also has the advantage of always being available in sufficient quantity and quality.

The breakthrough soy milk Africa

The company plant Farina, installed in Lagos in 1990, today manufactures five million liters of soy milk per year. This figure was multiplied by five in three years, is equivalent to the production of fifteen thousand local dairy cows.

Instead of mobilizing tens of thousands of hectares of pasture, like a dairy farm, the Farina factory simply turn 700 tons of soybeans by grinding and by adding water (7 liters per kilo.)

The mixture is then pasteurized, sweetened and flavored, which gives a very close cow milk and almost as rich nutritional point of view.

Production tools bought in Europe debit bags of soy milk and yoghurt and ice cream that are sold in Lagos 20% cheaper than products made ​​from cow's milk. The raw material currently comes four times cheaper than imported milk powder. It has the particular advantage of being available from some local farms.

After the success of the Nigerian experience, other production units soymilk appeared in Côte d'Ivoire and Burundi. That of Bujumbura, installed in 1992 by an NGO, produces about 300,000 liters of milk per year.

In Côte d'Ivoire, which is expected to start production in late 1993, will supply conventional dairies to diversify their products. The company Actimonde, which broadcasts the tools of production, even plans to expand in Kenya, as the country has a large dairy industry and it does not matter milk powder.

Soymilk, thanks to its price attractive and its simple manufacturing process, seems to have found fertile ground in Africa.

African milk brands

Algerian milk brands

Algerian milks  Link toward the page of dairy brands in Algeria

Cameroonian milk brands

Cameroonian milks  Link toward the page of dairy brands in Cameroon

Kenyan milk brands

Kenyan milks  Link toward the page of dairy brands in Kenya

Moroccan milk brands

Moroccan milks  Link toward the page of dairy brands in Morocco

Nigerian milk brands

Nigerian milks  Link toward the page of dairy brands in Nigeria

Senegalese milk brands

Senegalese milks  Link toward the page of dairy brands in Senegal

The South African milk brands

South African milks  Link toward the page of dairy brands in South Africa

Tunisian milk brands

Tunisian milks  Link toward the page of dairy brands in Tunisia